Congestive heart failure is a condition that arises when the heart is no longer able to pump a sufficient amount of blood to the rest of the body. Be proactive about your heart health and understand the four stages of congestive heart failure, the signs and risk factors to be aware of, and the treatment options available to manage the condition.
Four Stages of Congestive Heart Failure
Based on objective assessments, the four stages of heart failure include Stage A, Stage B, Stage C, and Stage D.
While performing physical activity is not an issue, patients in this stage are considered high risk for developing congestive heart failure. This diagnosis can result from factors including:
- Family history
- Coronary Artery Disease
- Heart attack
- High blood pressure
Patients in Stage B heart failure have been diagnosed via echocardiogram with a structural heart disease like systolic left ventricular dysfunction, strongly connected with developing heart failure. Patients experience no symptoms of heart failure in this stage.
Patients with a structural heart disease move into Stage C when they start experiencing symptoms of heart failure such as:
- Coughing and wheezing
- Inability to exercise
- Increased nighttime urination
- Rapid or irregular heartbeat
- Shortness of breath
- Swollen legs, ankles, or feet
- Trouble concentrating
- Weight gain
Patients enter Stage D, the final stage of heart failure, when their symptoms become advanced and not responsive to treatments. Mild activity, and even at rest, can cause extreme cases of the symptoms mentioned above.
Signs & Risk Factors for Developing Congestive Heart Failure
- High Blood Pressure
- High Cholesterol
- History of Smoking
- Alcohol Abuse
- Coronary Artery Disease
Congestive Heart Failure Treatment Options
Middle Georgia Heart takes a comprehensive approach, beginning with the necessary tests to make an accurate diagnosis. These tests include electrocardiogram (EKG/ECG), echocardiogram, stress tests, heart monitors, and more. Depending on the stage of heart failure, we will take the necessary approach to treatment. Treatment plans can range from small lifestyle changes to procedures performed by our experts.
Call 478.207.5224 for more information about improving your heart health.
Choose the Advanced Cardiology Team at Middle Georgia Heart
Middle Georgia Heart is a practice built on a commitment to compassionate, knowledgeable cardiovascular care. Our medical professionals offer a level of quality found nowhere else in Middle Georgia and provide patients the personal attention they need.