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Balloon angioplasty procedure with stent in vein. 3d illustration

Interventional cardiology is a non-surgical procedure that employs a thin, flexible tube called a catheter to repair damaged or weakened veins, restricted arteries, or other heart structure problems using a variety of techniques. With advancements in technology and knowledge, interventional cardiology has proven to be an effective option for treating several heart conditions.

Call 478.207.5224 for more information about interventional cardiology for treating your heart condition.

Benefits of Interventional Cardiology Procedures

Less Recovery Time & Scarring
More Effective & Precise Treatments

State-of-the-Art Interventional Cardiology Procedures

There are many advances in technology to enable these procedures to effectively manage and treat heart conditions. The following are some examples of interventional cardiology procedures performed by Middle Georgia Heart professionals.

Angiogram/Heart Catheterization

If you’re experiencing artery blockages and the associated symptoms, an angiogram may be used to diagnose the problem and help your surgeon determine the best treatment for you. This procedure is also known as a coronary arteriography. A small tube known as a catheter is inserted through the femoral artery in the groin or an artery in the arm. By injecting an iodine dye as a contrast agent, the doctor can use X-rays to obtain clear pictures of the blockage site.


For those suffering from a narrowed or blocked coronary artery, an angioplasty can open the vessel back up and restore blood supply to the heart. This is achieved by inserting a catheter through the femoral artery in the groin and threading it through to the problem area. The catheter carries an uninflated balloon and inflates it at the site. As the balloon is inflated, it flattens and compresses the built-up plaque against the wall of the artery, widening the artery. Angioplasty is often followed by the placement of an arterial stent.

Arterial Stent

Depending on the location of the blockage and the size of the artery, your doctor may implant an arterial stent during your angioplasty. After the balloon has compressed the plaque and widened the artery, a stent is positioned to keep the blocked vessel open. The heart stent is meant to be permanent and the lining of the artery will eventually grow over it.

Patent Foramen Ovale (PFO) Closures

The upper chambers of the heart have a wall separating them called the septum. While a baby is in the womb, the septum has a hole called the foramen ovale, allowing the fetus to receive blood from its mother. Following birth, the foramen ovale is supposed to close. When it doesn’t, this is known as a patent foramen ovale. By using a catheter, your doctor can place a permanent device to keep the foramen ovale closed. This device is called a PFO Occluder, wire mesh made from nickel and titanium alloy.

Choose the Advanced Cardiology Team at Middle Georgia Heart

Middle Georgia Heart is a practice built on a commitment to compassionate, knowledgeable cardiovascular care. Our medical professionals offer a level of quality found nowhere else in Middle Georgia and provide patients the personal attention they need.