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Interventional cardiology is a non-surgical procedure that employs a thin, flexible tube called a catheter to repair damaged or weakened veins, restricted arteries, or other heart structure problems using a variety of techniques. With advancements in technology and knowledge, interventional cardiology procedures have proven to be an effective option for treating several heart conditions.

Call 478.207.5224 for more information about the non-invasive cardiology procedures used to treat heart conditions.

Heart Conditions Treated with Interventional Cardiology

Interventional cardiology procedures can be used to treat multiple heart and valve diseases without a long hospital stay or invasive surgery. Some examples of the conditions that can be managed and treated include:

  • Advanced Congestive Heart Failure
  • Coronary Artery Disease
  • Heart Rhythm Disorders
  • Heart Valve Disorders

Heart Ablation for Heart Rhythm Disorders

Used to treat heart rhythm disorders, or arrhythmia, heart ablation is an in-hospital procedure, but is a non-invasive approach to regulating a patient’s heartbeat. The heart functions by an electrical impulse that travels through the upper chambers to the lower chambers causing them to contract and creating a heartbeat. Atrial fibrillation disrupts this electrical impulse, causing the atria to quiver rather than beating the way it should. AFib is most common in senior citizens and can be hereditary.

During the ablation, a cardiologist will insert a catheter into your heart through a blood vessel through an insertion site on the groin or shoulder. By sending small electrical pulses through sensors on the catheter, the doctor is able to identify the area causing the irregular heartbeat. Using extreme heat or cold, small scars are formed in your heart tissue to block the abnormal heartbeats.

Angiogram/Heart Catheterization for Heart Blockage

If you’re experiencing artery blockages and the associated symptoms, an angiogram may be used to diagnose the problem and help your surgeon determine the best treatment for you. This procedure is also known as a coronary arteriography. A small tube known as a catheter is inserted through the femoral artery in the groin or an artery in the arm. By injecting an iodine dye as a contrast agent, the doctor can use X-rays to obtain clear pictures of the blockage site.

Angioplasty for Heart Blockage

For those suffering from a narrowed or blocked coronary artery, an angioplasty can open the vessel back up and restore blood supply to the heart. This is achieved by inserting a catheter through the femoral artery in the groin and threading it through to the problem area. The catheter carries an uninflated balloon and inflates it at the site. As the balloon is inflated, it flattens and compresses the built-up plaque against the wall of the artery, widening the artery. Angioplasty is often followed by the placement of an arterial stent.

Arterial Stent

Depending on the location of the blockage and the size of the artery, your doctor may implant an arterial stent during your angioplasty. After the balloon has compressed the plaque and widened the artery, a stent is positioned to keep the blocked vessel open. The heart stent is meant to be permanent, and the lining of the artery will eventually grow over it.

Call 478.207.5224 for more information about the non-invasive cardiology procedures used to treat heart conditions.

Other Vascular Diseases Treated with Non-Surgical Treatments

Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD)

PAD is caused when plaque builds up in the arteries and restricts the delivery of blood and oxygen to the limbs. This can cause difficulty walking, loss of limb function, infections, and more. PAD is a leading cause of heart attacks and strokes.

Carotid Artery Disease

Similar to PAD, when the carotid arteries become clogged with plaque, they can severely limit the delivery of blood to the brain. This blockage can lead to a stroke.

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (AAA)

AAA is a bulge or enlargement within the aorta, the body’s primary blood vessel. It causes a weakening of the aortic wall, allowing the aneurysm to continue growing. If it ruptures, it can cause significant internal bleeding.